5.8.step 1 Anterior cervical paramedian osteoderms
The original about three paramedian rows of your own right side try kept inside PEFO 34561, and several rows are maintained when you look at the PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869 (Shape 12h). The initial osteoderm is approximately triangular inside the dorsolateral have a look at having straight medial and you may rear entation was weakly incised, and there’s zero prior pub. Rather, for the prior ventral skin there is an excellent scalloped, rugose body having articulation to the posterior margin of the skull. That it osteoderm is a lot like the original in its morphology except which does not have brand new ventral articular facial skin and you can instead possess an effective weak prior pub across the thin prior margin. The 3rd osteoderm are square (mediolateral depth:anteroposterior size proportion out-of 2.0), having an excellent dorsal ornamentation of quick pits. That it osteoderm are arched near the lateral boundary, and there’s a noticable anterior bar with a triangular prior projection in the area regarding arching. Brand new ventral epidermis of one’s plate are easy. In dorsal take a look at, the brand new medial margin try straight, while the brand new horizontal margin try lightly rounded and you can does not have an enthusiastic articular surface having a horizontal osteoderm.
5.8.2 Middle and you may posterior cervical paramedian osteoderms
Cervical paramedian osteoderms are large than simply a lot of time (mediolateral thickness:anteroposterior duration proportion regarding 2.5 excluding the brand new anterior pub) and appear in order to broaden quite when you look at the each after that posterior line (Profile 12h). Brand new dorsal pitting are smaller and weakly incised. The fresh new anterior bar makes up about you to definitely-5th of your own complete period of new osteoderm. This new anterior margin of osteoderm is actually upright and lacks anteromedial and you will prior projections. The brand new osteoderm are a little curved around the lateral line, two-thirds the distance in the medial boundary. There isn’t any dorsal eminence of the point where in actuality the osteoderm is actually curved. For the dorsal look at the medial margin of osteoderm is actually upright, whereas the newest horizontal border are weakly curved. The fresh lateral margins taper and have now no signs and symptoms of an articular skin to own a horizontal osteoderm. Ergo, you will find presently no evidence to possess cervical horizontal osteoderms into the R. callenderi.
5.8.step three Dorsal trunk paramedian osteoderms
Dorsal paramedian osteoderms is termed including as they security the rear spine series (Long & Ballew, 1985 ). These osteoderms (Rates 12a, b, h) enjoys mediolateral thickness:anteroposterior length percentages of about dos.dos leaving out the new prior bar. The fresh new dorsal pitting on these plates try huge and more incised up coming with the cervical paramedians. For the dorsal take a look at, the latest medial margin is actually straight, as well as the horizontal boundary a bit round. As with new cervicals, this type of osteoderms is actually transversely arched around the lateral margin; not, in a lot of of these osteoderms discover an excellent dorsal eminence in the type of an enthusiastic anteroposterior ridge that does not have pitting and you will connections this new rear margin of the osteoderm. Which ridge is more noticable on the much more posteriorly created osteoderms, nevertheless the accurate position on the alter is not obvious within the the current information. This new anterior club was better-set up however, constitutes below that-fifth of full period of the latest osteoderm, in contrast to the newest cervical osteoderms. In addition, there are two collection of procedure on the prior bar, a triangular anterior process prior towards the dorsal eminence and you can a good triangular anteromedial projection. The newest prior margin of the osteoderm ranging from these projections is concave inside the dorsal examine. Equivalent forecasts and concave edian plates out of low-desmatosuchin aetosaurs (age.grams., Scutarx deltatylus, PEFO 34045). The brand new ventral facial skin of one’s osteoderm are easy.
5.8.cuatro Horizontal trunk osteoderms
The newest articulated specimen PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869 (Profile 12h) conserves a number of the lateral osteoderms inside the articulation (7 on the right top and you can half a dozen toward remaining), plus they were establish as a consequence of about the fresh new middle-trunk area so you can sacral urban area. Cervical and you may caudal lateral osteoderms aren’t maintained. There was merely a single number of lateral osteoderms for every line like in aetosaurs, different from An effective. geoffreyi, that specific regions provides type of external and internal horizontal osteoderms ( ). The new horizontal osteoderms regarding R. callenderi is significantly oblong (subrectangular or oval, more than wider), that have an elevated central keel and you may an adjoining ornamentation from low pits such as additional osteoderms (Figure 12c). There is absolutely no good medial articulation skin to your relevant paramedian; although not, this new medial edge was upright, while the lateral border is actually round. The newest horizontal osteoderms is slightly flexed in the anterior and you may posterior viewpoints, hence the new feature was put into line of medial and you may horizontal flanges like in aetosaurs (Parker, 2007 ). This type of flanges try of around equal proportions, and you can total the latest osteoderms have become slim in comparison to most other aetosauriforms, varying somewhat on horizontal osteoderms out-of A. geoffreyi, and you can aetosaurs which can be much bigger from inside the dorsal examine and you may possibly rectangular otherwise wider than much time rectangles (Desojo et al., 2013 ; ). Additionally, the fresh laterals regarding Roentgen. callenderi lack obvious dorsal eminences one to function elongate spines in many other aetosauriforms (e.g, desmatosuchin aetosaurs sensu Parker, 2016a ). Alternatively they appear similar to brand new appendicular osteoderms used in aetosaurs and you may erpetosuchids (e.g., Ezcurra mais aussi al., 2017 ; Heckert & Lucas, https://datingranking.net/tr/established-men-inceleme/ 1999 ).